In English we have a few different conditionals, and in this post I want to explain the English Grammar tense, the First Conditional for you.
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Conditional sentences are made up of two parts a condition and a result.
Depending on the conditional we are using, we can express some of these possibilities; a present situation and its future real result, a present situation and its future unreal result, a past situation and a whished for result.
In this blog I will look at the First Conditional.
In English we use the first conditional to express a possible situation and its probable future result.
“If you find my wallet, I will give you a reward” – Positive
“If you lose your ticket, you won’t be able to get on the flight” – Negative
“What will you do if your car is stolen?” — Question
The first conditional is constructed using:
If + Present Simple + Will
If (if) you find (present simple) my wallet, I will (will) give you a reward
The possible situation is expressed in the “if + present simple part” of the sentence.
The probable future result is expressed in the “will part” of the sentence.
It is possible to interchange the position of the possible situation with the probable result without changing the meaning.
“If you find my wallet, I will give you a reward”
“I will give you a reward, if you find my wallet”
We interchange the positions depending on what part of the sentence we want to emphasise.
For example, it is ok to say:
“If you touch the cable, you will get an electric shock”
But it is more dramatic to say:
“You will get an electric shock, if you touch the cable.”
Remember in English the first conditional, is used to express a possible situation and its probable future result.
In American English “conditional sentences” are called “If Clauses”
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Written by Feargal Coffey 1st September 2016
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